Chris Bartman and Richard ter Avest went to Yangon on behalf of Iganga (the MVO foundation of Goudappel Coffeng) from the 24th of November till the 2nd of December. Yangon is the old capital of Myanmar, a city with approximately 7 million inhabitants. They collaborated on the planning and design of a cycle friendly city. The design of a selected street will be executed as a pilot in March/April 2020.
Together with the local social enterprise Doh Eain (our home) they created a design for a protected bike lane. They did this in different workshops with various stakeholders, including users, interest groups and the local government. One of the most important outcomes of the workshops is that all the participants name safety as base for the designs. Because of the growing car traffic the space for pedestrians and cyclists becomes scarcer. That combined with parking problems, huge amounts of taxi’s and mainly bus drivers that terrorise the streets of Yangon.
In a couple of workshops and design sessions they achieved the following design: This pilot project will realise the first bicycle lane in Myanmar. Like many Asian countries, Myanmar has a renowend history of cycling for decades it was the main mode of transport. But since the economic growth of the country, the last few years show a major increase in car use and corresponding growth of car infrastructure. Those cycling now are the ones that “dare to cycle”, where the design of the protected bike lane contributes to a feeling of “invite to cycle”. In the pilot project they combine the protected bike lane with:
- Improving the pedestrian crossability
- Using the public spaces next to the bike lane for amongst others a bike shed and meeting place
- Integration of a bus stop
- Solutions for street parking
Along with the design, Chris and Richard together with the users and planners of the local government sketched a bike network. This network will form a proper base for an integrated and multi-modal netwerk for the whole city region.
In July a delegation from the Iraqi province of An-Najaf (southwest of Bagdad) visited the Netherlands. On July 5th they came to the capital city of Overijssel Zwolle. They were welcomed by Andries Heidema, the provincial executive chairman in Overijssel. The delegation consisted of the Head of Spatial Planning, the Head of transport and traffic planning, a lawyer and a technical designer. They were very curious about the cooperation between municipalities, the province and national government and about taxes and budgets. They also wanted to know more about integrated planning of infrastructure, especially in sustainable mobility (SUMP on regional level). In Iraq one of the problems is, that mobility is approached very unilaterally. Only from the perspective of cars, not in conjunction with other modalities like transit and bikes. The other issue is that solutions in infrastructures are approached from only the local point of view, without having a broader Network plan or Mobility vision. Therefore, no integrated choices are made. In the meantime car-traffic is increasing very fast. This leads to safety problems: In the city of Najaf (1 million inhabitants) alone there were 300 traffic casualties over the last two years. For comparison: In the city of Amsterdam (850.000 inhabitants) there were 30 traffic casualties in the last two years.
The province of Overijssel shared her knowledge and experience in administrative cooperation, planning of mobility and asset-management. The presentation about integrated planning (Vision of the Environment, Integrated Network Vision) was prepared by Richard ter Avest from the Iganga Foundation. The story was told by Mobility Team leader Karsten ten Heggeler from the Province of Overijssel.
The reactions of the Iraq delegations were very positive. They were very inspired by the way of working together with municipalities in Overijssel. The question is: will there be a cycle track in Najaf soon? They see a lot of chances in the big cities, but a problem is the temperature. In summer temperatures can run up to almost 45 degrees Celsius. A car with airconditioning is more practical then and therefore more common.
Iganga is currently developing a MOOC (Online course) with TU Delft called: “Envisioning and developing bicycle-friendly cities”. We see that there are many challenges facing developing countries in terms of mobility. The aim of this MOOC is to share knowledge, so that these issues are better addressed in the future. The target group for this MOOC is students and policymakers from around the world, who want to gain a better insight into the mobility of their city and look for ways to tackle local issues.
In February 2018, the first steps were taken within Iganga towards the organization of a MOOC in collaboration with TU Delft. This was followed up from March to May in the form of exploratory talks with various parties such as TU Delft, Delft Global Initiative and the Ministry of I&W. This has resulted in a core team consisting of Iganga, TU Delft and Delft Global Initiative who have jointly expressed their wish to further shape the MOOC. These parties can all make a fundamental contribution (financially, experience and knowledge) in organizing a MOOC. Furthermore, these parties are enthusiastic about making a substantive contribution to get the project off the ground. A program with an appropriate budget and planning was developed in June 2018.
However, it appears that getting the funding from TU Delft takes longer than originally planned. During the submission of the subsidy proposal, it appears that a second MOOC is being organized at the TU. This MOOC has an overlap with the course we are developing so extra coordination is necessary. And with success, some substantive adjustments ensure that both MOOCs are complementary to each other and can be offered together. An On-Boardingday in November, organized by TU Delft, ensures further coordination with the other MOOC and together with “E-learning developer” Johannetta Gordijn, the program was detailed further, and the subsidy proposal has taken its final form. As soon as the financing from TU Delft is complete, the MOOC can start.
On Sunday, January 27, 2019, a car-free day took place in Kampala. This day was largely funded by the Iganga Foundation. Christine Kawuwa and Amanda Ngabirano of the UST Network have taken on the organization of the car-free day. The car free day was all about promoting sustainable mobility: residents could safely walk, skate and (learn to) cycle for free without being disturbed by motor vehicles. The positive aspects of cycling were revealed to residents via the ‘bicycle song’ and a promotional campaign. This is necessary for increasing bicycle use in Kampala, since the bicycle is still often associated with “a means of transport for poor people” and “a means of transport that causes women to lose their virginity.”
The day was a true success and started with a nice warm-up in the middle of Luwum Street. After that, people could cycle, walk and skate on Luwum Street between 9:00 am and 2:00 pm accompanied by music. Christine and Amanda speak of a very nice and successful day. They have the intention to regularly repeat the event in collaboration with Iganga.
Read the report: CAR FREE DAY 2019 REPORT Kampala
In 2018, Iganga supported the artist/student Nodrine Shaz in Uganda. She makes extraordinary paintings. The management of Goudappel has decided to put one of her paintings on the New Year’s card of 2019 with the text: “A better living environment”.
Goudappel Coffeng is a sustainable organization. Day in, day out, we contribute with our mobility knowledge to a better living environment. But how we work and live ourselves also bears witness to this. This year too, new initiatives have been launched that we fully support. Consider, for example, the new theme “climate and energy” and the Iganga Foundation, which made a new start in 2018. Iganga contributes to sustainable mobility in developing countries. It does this primarily by stimulating knowledge development and transfer. The front of the New Year card is from Nodrine Shaz. She uses the income from her paintings and photographs to pay for her studies.
The board of Iganga has decided to further support Nodrine in her painting and her studies. Iganga will do this by ordering paintings for several locations in the Netherlands or by putting them on the website encouraging website visitors to also submit requests.
Kampala is the capital of Uganda. The city has 4 million inhabitants. From 7 a.m. to 11 a.m. there are traffic jams on almost all roads in this capital city. Due to urbanization and autonomous growth, the traffic flow problem will only get bigger, if no modal shift towards more sustainable modes takes place.
Jinja is a smaller city with 170,000 inhabitants. This city is located east of Kampala. Unlike Kampala, this city has no current traffic problems. But, this city is also growing in terms of population and people are gradually getting richer. As a result, traffic flow problems on the main roads can be expected in the long run. It is striking that few residents use the bicycle as a means of transport.
Through Tonny Bosch (Move Mobility), several Ugandan projects have been submitted to the Iganga Foundation for evaluation. In order to better understand these projects and to partially take over and expand the network Tonny Bosch as build over the years, the Iganga board agreed that Anne Abbing and Tonny Bosch would go to Kampala from 6 to 11 November 2018. This way Anne was given insights in the following proposed projects:
- Car Free Day Kampala. This project was granted the support from Iganga in 2018 (read more about this in Chapter 2 of this report)
- Painting project by Nodrine Shaz. This project was also able to get support from Iganga in 2018 (read more about this in Chapter 2 of this report)
- Cycling lessons for children, including the transport of children’s bicycles from the Netherlands to Kampala
- Change perception on bicycles in Jinja
The first Inspiration Day was held in November 2018, as an initiative of Iganga in collaboration with Young Goudappel, under the flag of Excellent Cities. No less than 70 Goudappel employees are younger than 35 and have a whole future ahead of them. A significant number of them are interested in what we could learn from other countries, or what the Netherlands has to offer as inspiration for big cities in Western countries and in developing countries. Cities are getting bigger and bigger all over the world, resulting in all kinds of consequences regarding sustainability, liveability of neighborhoods and accessibility of jobs.
Excellent Cities is a program aiming to achieve better cities. Goudappel Coffeng and Move Mobility are partners in this program, each supplying their program director. DAT.mobility and Iganga are active under the flag of Goudappel. Move Mobility is a partner that works mainly in developing countries or in rapidly developing cities. Goudappel is becoming more and more active in Europe and more recently across the Atlantic.
The first Inspiration Day was held on a Friday afternoon and evening, November 16, 2018. Several colleagues spoke about 7 world cities where they have worked or are currently working on projects: Kampala, Uganda (Anne Abbing), Sweden (Lucas van de Linde), Mexico (Carolina) Ramos), USA (Ilse Galama), Iran (Reyhaneh Safari), Germany (Richard ter Avest) and Bethlehem, Palestine (Ruxandra Aelenei). They were interesting presentations and the afternoon was considered successful. We are looking forward to organizing a second Inspiration Day in June 2019.